IN THE MIDDLE of the Atlantic Ocean, hundreds of feet underwater, the Greek goddess of love lives on—in the form of a dazzling reef fish.

In a new study published on Tuesday in ZooKeys, researchers from the California Academy of Sciences describe a new species of anthias, a common type of reef fish, named Tosanoides aphrodite or the Aphrodite anthias. The pink and yellow creature so transfixed researchers when they discovered it during a deep-water dive that they didn’t notice a large sixgill shark swimming directly above them.

“This one is without a doubt the most spectacularly colored fish I’ve ever described,” says Luiz Rocha, an ichthyologist with the California Academy of Sciences, in an email.

The Aphrodite anthias is also the only fish of its kind ever found in the Atlantic. All other fish in the genus Tosanoides, including Hawaii’s presidentially named Tosanoides obama, live in the Pacific Ocean.

A FISH CALLED OBAMAMarine Biologist Richard Pyle asks National Geographic Explorer in Residence Sylvia Earle to ask President Obama for his permission to have a newly discovered fish named after him.

Tough Love

The Aphrodite anthias is known only from the waters around Saint Paul’s Rocks, a harsh, isolated archipelago near the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 580 miles northeast of Brazil’s coastline.

In the summer of 2017, Rocha and his colleague Hudson Pinheiro trekked to the islands, diving down to nearly 400 feet to survey a deep-water reef. On one dive in late June, they saw a flash of pink and yellow in the reef’s nooks and crannies. Closer inspection revealed a striking fish about three inches long staring back at them. For the rest of the day, the duo worked to capture specimens of the colorful fish, on the hunch that they had seen an undiscovered species.

In all, Pinheiro and Rocha collected three adult males, two adult females, and two juvenile females. Males and females of the species look very different; the males make far greater use of hot pink.

Because of the islands’ tininess, isolation, and placement within the Atlantic’s major ocean currents, they’re a perfect natural laboratory for studying how life spreads across land and sea. Since 1799, scientists have regularly visited Saint Paul’s Rocks—including Charles Darwin, who noted their marine bounty when he visited in 1832. “The sharks and the seamen in the boats maintained a constant struggle [over] which should secure the greater share of the prey caught by the fishing-lines,” he later wrote in The Voyage of the Beagle.

SARAH PARKER Uncategorized

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